According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), all adults-even seemingly healthy ones- should undergo regular physical examinations at their healthcare provider's recommended frequency. The purpose of these exams are to:
-Screen for diseases
-Asses the risk of future medical problems
-Encourage a healthy lifestyle
-Maintain a relationship with a doctor in case of illness.
Annual Physical Exams are an essential part of any doctor's visit. Annual exams usually check your history, vital signs, blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, general appearance, heart exam, lung exam, head and neck exam, abdominal exam, neurological exam, dermatological exam and extremities exam.
Heart Exam: This particular exam involves the doctor listening to your heart with a stethoscope, a doctor might detect an irregular heartbeat, a heart murmur, or other clues to heart disease.
Lung Exam: This exam involves the doctor using the stethoscope to listen for possible crackles, wheezes or decreased breath sounds. These and other sounds are clues to the presence of heart or lung disease.
Head and Neck Exam: This exam opening your mouth to show your throat and tonsils. The quality of your teeth and gums also provides information about your overall health. Ears, nose, sinuses, eyes, lymph nodes, thyroid, and carotid arteries may also be examined.
Abdominal Exam: This exam will have your doctor use a range of examination techniques including tapping your abdomen to detect liver size and presence of abdominal fluid. Listening for bowel sounds with a stethoscope, and palpating for tenderness.
Neurological Exam: Doctor will be analyze the nerves, muscle strength, reflexes, balance and mental state.
Dermatological Exam: The Doctor will analyze the skin and nails, this could indicate a dermatological problem or disease somewhere else in the body.
Extremities Exam: The doctor will look for physical and sensory changes. Pulses can be checked in your arms and legs. Examining joints can assess for abnormalities.
For more information on these exams and the importance of Physical exams visit the following link.